aims at standardizing the European grammatical metalanguage.
Grammatical concepts and terms in each language
originate in national traditions (in connection with local or
particular identity) giving the illusion of particularities that
reveal to be only of terminological nature.
In order to verify whether either the national
peculiarities of pedagogical grammars (terms and concepts) mirror
real differences or they are merely due to terminological
it is necessary to produce formalized descriptions of data on
languages using a finite number of elementary concepts arranged in
feature structures in computerized databases. The SEMANA platform
designed at CELTA for analyzing such databases. This approach is
conceived as “post-experimental” contrastive linguistics
and it aims at verifying concepts used in national grammars using
large corpora of uses.
The problem is not simply terminological but it
in formalizing and unifying grammatical theories concerning
categories (role, aspect, modality, gender, animacy, etc). In
particular, the formalized ASMIC theory developped at CELTA makes
possible to conduct research on relations between semantics and
pragmatics and to give account of what is specific and what is
in the linear form of expressions of various languages. Moreover,
semantic approach implemented in SEMANA is based on the
between the common domain models and the semantics, the latter
being characteristic of each natural language (this may be
represented as partial trees cut out of a common tree of
features describing categories).
This theoretical research based on the
between specialists of different languages can be applied to the
elaboration of a standardized terminology for language teaching in
order to improve the quality of teaching materials and grammars
especially for Second Language Acquisition.